This will counter this fungal problem as it allows foliage to better dry thoroughly after rainy weather. The fruit is sometimes used for making wine. It has a more circular growth habit. In summer, its intriguing canopy … Native to Japan, Korea and China, the first scientific observations of the kousa dogwood in the United States were recorded in 1875. The leaf margins are often prominently wavy. chinensis (Osborn) Q. Y. Xiang", "Cornus×elwinortonii and Cornus×rutgersensis (Cornaceae), new names for two artificially produced hybrids of big-bracted dogwoods", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Wild Harvests: Kousa Dogwood, another urban wonder", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_kousa&oldid=983186438, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. municipalities or cities, dogwood trees may be protected. Planting & Care . The seeds are usually not eaten, but could be ground into jam and sauces. However, a light pruning to remove awkward branches may encourage a better shape and increase air circulation if there is overcrowding. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. Pruning the Kousa Dogwood Tree n the Summer time. Summer Gardening To Do List It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. In the Pacific Northwest, we have the native Cornus nuttallii (aka Pacific, Mountain or Western Flowering Dogwood) which was named after the British botanist Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859). The soft pulp is sweet with a similar flavour to a ripe persimmon but the presence of hard seeds that are well attached to the pulp can be inconvenient when eaten directly. The White Kousa is known for its unique look, peeling bark, and epic white leaves that have the appearance of blooms. It thrives in zones 5-9. Best in deep, fertile and reliably moist soil, in full sun or light shde. Our Garden Projects Best sited in a shady location to avoid leaf scorch. Sports gray-green leaves that are edged in white, with occasional splashes of variegation throughout the foliage. Providing the dogwood tree with good air circulation with some light pruning is an excellent preventative measure. ‘Mandarin Jewel’ has dark green leaves through summer and large, showy white flowers. When first flowering, they are pale green, but eventually they turn a luminous white that appears to glow in the dark. Hard pruning a dogwood tree should be avoided if possible. The plant is attractive when well grown. If you continue to use this website we will assume that you are happy with it. The deepest red-pink bracts of any cultivar. It thrives in zones 5-9. Various clones exist with differing degrees of yellow or white variegation. The tree is extremely showy when in bloom, but what appear to be four, white petals are actually four spreading bracts below the cluster of inconspicuous yellow-green flowers. Kousa is resistant to anthracnose disease. Cornus kousa Chinensis which has white flowers and excellent red autumn colour. http://www.landdesigns.com/blog Cornus kousa - Kousa Dogwood is a small flowering deciduous tree that reliably flowers every June. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Our Garden Projects Hardy in Zones 5-8, this ornamental grows up to 25 feet at a rate of one to two feet per year. It is sometimes called the Japanese, Korean, or Chinese Dogwood. C. mas (European Cornel, Cornelian Cherry Dogwood): Height up 7.5 metres (25 ft). Grows well to 20' tall and wider with a dense habit. Gorgeous star-shaped blooms and layered branches catch the eye. Pest problems may include the usual culprits such as aphids, leafhoppers, weevils and scale insects. Paper and Cardboard Mulch for Weed Control, Callicarpa – The Eye-catching Beautyberry. The contrast between the red fruit and gold-splashed foliage can be striking. Please always check with your local government regarding the tree preservation bylaws for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit. Although reasonably hardy, the dogwood can come with its problems. Dogwoods should be planted in autumn or early spring, and never in summer when it is hot and dry. Zones 4-9. A small tree to around 15 – 8 m in height although usually smaller in cultivation. (Flowering Dogwood) 'Moonbeam' was selected for its extra large flower, up to 15cm in diameter. See more ideas about Dogwood, Kousa dogwood, Dogwood trees. It benefits from siting in some shade. Unfortunately, the Pacific Dogwood can be susceptible to dogwood anthracnose fungal disease, which was introduced to North American in the late 1970s. The pattern may be unstable, plus the plants can produce green growth reversions. [1][7] Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New York State.[8]. Kousa Dogwood. Notable for weeping habit, grow to 15' with branches that arch downwards. Schedule this winter pruning when the weather is dry – no mean feat when it sometimes seems to be raining all the time in the Pacific Northwest! And while it would not directly kill the tree, it does open it up to stress and other vulnerabilities. Center of each leaf has a broad gold band, with stems that are somewhat reddish. In spring, alongside Japanese maples and evergreen trees, they are perfect companions to rhododendrons and azaleas. The C. nuttallii is not as hardy as the C. kousa. The variegation pattern is quite stable and resistant to burning. And it can extend to branches. Kousa slowly grows into a lovely, small deciduous tree. Kousa seems to do better at temperature extremes, both cold and hot. Relatively slow-growing, but in time does form a small-medium rounded tree. Variegated form with leaves that show a light marbling of green, gold and light pink that turns mostly green with age. The color may not be as strong in warm summer areas. In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. Details C. kousa var. Fruit deep pink, strawberry like The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods. As the Kousa Dogwood matures, it branches out horizontally and becomes more wide-spreading. The hole should not be deep, but it should be extra wide to allow the roots to easily grow outwards. They surround the cluster of tiny flowers in the centre and together make the dogwood ‘flower’ as we see it. The regional term ‘flowering dogwood’ is a misnomer, though, since all members of the genus Cornus have flowers. When it comes to planting dogwood Kousa trees, it all begins with the soil. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. But the flowers are not the only attraction, their foliage, end of season berries, and the autumn colours are outstanding too. It is considered a small to a medium-sized tree reaching upwards to 6-9 metres (20-30 feet) and the same wide with full maturity. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Warm summers seem to dull the color and many plants bloom light pink or white-pink. Below find information how to plant dogwoods, tips on dogwood tree care including pruning guidelines and disease problems that affect some dogwoods. [25][26], C. kousa in June at the UBC Botanical Garden, C. kousa 'Samaratin' in an arboretum in Vossem, Belgium, Cornus kousa 'Satomi' in the VanDusen Botanical Garden in Vancouver, British Columbia, Media related to Cornus kousa at Wikimedia Commons, Species of small deciduous tree commonly known as kousa dogwood, "Cornus kousa subsp. Pruning is best done in winter when the tree is dormant. [1][3] Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. Add mulch in spring (but keep the mulch from touching the base of the trunk), fertilize moderately, and water regularly during hot summers. Here in British Columbia, the Pacific Dogwood flower was adopted as the official provincial floral emblem in 1956. Kousa ‘Mandarin Jewel’ Cornus kousa var. Kousa Dogwood has a horizontal branching structure that reaches all the way to the base, forming a natural pyramidal shape. Prune Kousa Dogwood Trees. chinensis (Osborn) Q.Y.Xiang", "Taxon: Cornus kousa Hance subsp. The attractive foliage turns a beautiful fall red in the autumn. It performs best planted in moist but well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil that is rich in organic matter. Creamy-yellow flowers appear late winter or early spring. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae. chinensis is a large, free-flowering deciduous shrub or small tree, with ovate leaves turning red and orange in autumn. The orange shade stands out against the foliage and is visible from a distance. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Flowering dogwood is an Ohio native with a rounded crown and strong horizontal branching covered in 3-4" wide flowers April to May. Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood,[1] Chinese dogwood,[2][3] Korean dogwood,[3][4][5] and Japanese dogwood. Purple flowers with white bracts bloom in spring. Dogwood trees are widely known for their delicate beauty, and the kousa variety adds a toughness that makes this species an excellent choice for home landscapes and urban areas. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Blooms heavily and grows to 25' tall with a vase shape. Kousa dogwoods can live to be over 100 years. This is a fungal disease that begins as leaf spots. These modified petal-like leaves are called bracts. Also known as Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, or Japanese dogwood, the Kousa dogwood is a small deciduous tree or multi-stemmed shrub. Small white flowers in early summer. This is a very popular cultivar. Known for their versatility and variety, dogwood trees and shrubs are available for almost any situation in the landscape. Bloom occurs in late spring. Edible Garden, Flowering Dogwood Tree (photo by Rosana Brien / My Garden Plot). Urban Hardy Trees ; Why Trees ; Tree Canopy ; Tree Care ; Introduction. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. See below for other recommended deciduous dogwoods and more about the evergreen dogwood tree. Kousa Dogwood is a small, deciduous tree that can grow up to 15-30 feet tall and 10-15 feet wide. The Dogwood Tree is a majestic ornamental, well adapted to life in the United States. Cornus kousa chinensis . [6] It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. Thomas Nuttall studied many of the native plants in N. America in the early 1800s. This is a very popular cultivar. Dogwood trees are widely known for their beauty, and the Kousa variety adds a toughness that makes this species an excellent choice for home landscapes and urban areas. Leaves are dark green, contrasting markedly with the cream white flowers. Please always check with your local government regarding the tree preservation bylaws for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit. Zones 5-9. Festooned with clusters of creamy white flowers, this tree is a popular choice in many Pacific Northwest coast gardens. They mature to about 30 feet tall x 30 feet wide (their width and height are roughly equal at maturity) once they reach 20-30 years old. Cornus kousa, commonly called Kousa dogwood, is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30’ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form. They are considered either small deciduous trees or shrubs. Care details. [9], It is resistant to the dogwood anthracnose disease, caused by the fungus Discula destructiva, unlike C. florida, which is very susceptible and commonly killed by it; for this reason, C. kousa is being widely planted as an ornamental tree in areas affected by the disease.[7]. The biggest issue tends to be dogwood anthracnose. The fruit is a globose pink to red compound berry 2–3 cm in diameter, though these berries tend to grow larger towards the end of the season and some berry clusters that do not fall from the tree exceed 4 cm. Winter Garden Tips & Interest, Garden Tips The Kousa Dogwood Tree, (Cornus kousa) is a crowd favorite that produces white, starlike blooms that delicately adorn any spring landscape. Leaves turning purple and deep red in autumn. The flower bracts on this selection are not as large as those of other cultivars, but they are retained longer. Shrubby and slow-growing, to 10' tall and wide. RELATED TOPIC: To learn more about dogwood anthracnose and how to prevent this fungal disease see “What Is Anthracnose”. Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). It's a small tree that delivers delicate beauty and yet, can hold its own against cold weather, drought, and a variety of pests. Nevertheless, the C. nuttallii is spectacular, with its white bracted flowers blooming in spring. Kousa dogwood develops colorful, peeling bark in shades of tans and browns which lend great character to the tree. It blooms around late spring and early summer, attracting bees and butterflies. The late spring blooms are probably the trees largest selling point-and its most understood. It can reach up to 12 metres (40 feet) and spreads to 7.5 metres (25 feet). Kousa dogwoods are considered small to medium sized trees. The C. kousa is grown for its flowers in addition to its hardy, dependable nature. Dogwoods, unless otherwise stated, prefer a cool sunny site and can tolerate light shade. Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. It is very similar in structure to the clematis ‘flower’ with its showy petal-like leaves called sepals. For this reason, where you plant it and how you care for it is crucial (more details at the end of the page). Inconspicuous white or pink bracted flowers appear in spring. Recommended Plants As a young tree, the C. kousa has a different shape with stems stretching upwards in a vase form. In spring, it produces a heavenly array of star-like blooms. Fully hardy. And like other trees that are native to Japan, they showcase an extremely graceful form. Excellent as a feature tree and with its small growing habit it can be used in smaller gardens. This is made up of a cluster of tiny flowers. Jun 4, 2017 - Explore Anita Gaudet's board "Kousa dogwood", followed by 198 people on Pinterest. It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. Like many websites we use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our site. The Kousa Dogwood flowers about a month later than the standard Dogwood. Kousa dogwood does much better when planted in the spring than in the fall, so wait until the last sign of frost has passed before putting in your new tree. C. ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’: Height up to 6 metres (20 ft). chinensis (Chinese dogwood). The actual dogwood flower, or flowers as the case may be, is the small central part. With distinct pointed white flowers and dark green leaves that turn reddish-purple in the fall, the kousa dogwood is an excellent small tree that adds year-round beauty. Flowering season is late spring, weeks after the tree puts on foliage again. Edible Garden This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 19:17. Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. Variegated form with leaves that show a uniform white margin. Korean Dogwood Tree.#DogWood #lawncare Like other Cornus, C. kousa has opposite, simple leaves, 4–10 cm long. Zones 3-8. Magnolia stellata. If you’re interested in the meaning behind common tree names, this one may underwhelm. In some municipalities or cities, dogwood trees may be protected. It grows best in … The showy white or pink sections that we admire of the dogwood ‘flower’ are really modified leaves that appear petal-like and give the appearance of a flower. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the species most people think of when the word dogwood is mentioned.Although it is considered one of the favorite trees in the south, there are two other species, kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) and Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas), which will grow in all areas of South Carolina except along the coast from Charleston to Savannah, Ga. Small tree. It is edible, with a sweet and creamy flavour, and is a delicious addition to the tree's ornamental value. Several selected for their disease resistance and good flower appearance have been named, patented, and released. The blossoms appear in late spring, weeks after the tree leafs out. The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan. If left unchecked, it can weaken the tree. The photo below is of a C.kousa var. Dogwoods are native to North America, as well as the Far East. Recommended Plants H: 2-6m [15], As of July 2017[update], the following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[18], C. kousa has edible berries. The habit is rounded and gentle, a mature specimen is attractive. The rind of the berries is usually discarded because it has a bitter taste, although it is edible. C. florida (Eastern Flowering Dogwood): Height up to 9 metres (30 ft) with an equal spread. Like most dogwoods, these trees enjoy a spot with rich, moist soil in full sun to partial shade. It can be distinguished from the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America by its more upright habit, flowering about a month later, and by the pointed rather than rounded flower bracts. The dogwood berries are attractive too during late summer and autumn, and are very popular with birds, especially our local flickers, as well as squirrels. It is a hybrid of C. florida and C. nuttallii. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. A beautiful small deciduous feature tree and is extremely showy when in bloom. Requires shade. Zones 8 and 9. Flower-heads with four ovate cream bracts 4-6cm in length. Forms a small, densely branched tree that may never exceed 15' tall. Tolerating cold hardiness in zones 7 – 9, it is typically found in the southwest corner of BC from Vancouver Island and along the west coast down south as far as California, USA. Varieties . It has leaves when it flowers, which make an attractive backdrop. Height: 20 ft Width: 15 ft Flower Color: Pink. Think of the kousa dogwood in … Also noted for a more open and vigorous growth than other 'kousa' varieties. Which affects mainly the C. nuttallii and the C. florida species. The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods. C. capitata (Evergreen Dogwood) ‘Mountain Moon’: Height up to 12 metres (40 ft). There are two recognized subspecies / varieties: Hybrids between C. kousa and C. florida (Cornus × rutgersensis Mattera, T. Molnar, & Struwe) and C. kousa and C. florida (Cornus × elwinortonii Mattera, T. Molnar, & Struwe) have been created by Rutgers University. Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. A shaded planting site is desirable. As long as you offer the tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, the Dogwood will do just fine. 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